Montana Geographic Names Advisor

Geographic Name Change Request

Change Short Squaw Creek to Iron Teeth Woman Creek
Custer County, Montana

Status = Approved

Description stream, 10 km (6 mi) long, heads at 45°16’56”N, 105°32’16”W, flows WNW through land administered by the Bureau of Land Management, join Squaw Creek (proposed North Woman Creek) 23 km (15 mi) SE of Miles City; named in honor of Iron Teeth Woman, a Cheyenne woman who survived several battles with the U. S. Government
Location 46°16’55”N, 105°36’23”W
PLSS Location Secs 16-13; T6N, R49E
Proposal to change a name considered by some to be derogatory
Proponent Montana House Bill 412 Committee
Not Short Squaw Creek
Administrative area Bureau of Land Management
Previous BGN Action None
See also 40007
GNIS ID 776519
Local Usage None found
Published Short Squaw Creek (USGS 1980, 1991)
This proposal is to change the name of Short Squaw Creek, a 10 km (6 mi) long stream in Custer County, to Iron Teeth Woman Creek. It was submitted by the Montana House Bill 412 “Squaw Name Change” Advisory Committee on behalf of the Northern Cheyenne Tribal Council, which suggested the name in honor of Iron Teeth Woman, “a Cheyenne woman who survived several battles with the U.S. Government.” According to one online description, “Iron Teeth Woman led the Northern Cheyenne people back to Montana from imprisonment in Indian Territory and Fort Robinson, Nebraska.“ (The Iron Teeth Woman Powwow Grounds are located at Fort Robinson.)

The proposed name change has the support of the House Bill 412 Committee; the American Indian Caucus and Montana Democratic Women’s Legislative Caucus of the Montana State Legislature; the Bureau of Land Management, and State Representatives Norma Bixby, David Roundstone, and Sharon Stewart Peregoy. The Custer County Commissioners also support the change, as does the Montana State Geographic Names Authority. As part of its research, the State determined that the Montana Water Resources Division, the Montana Trust Lands Division, and the Indian Country Economic Development Program of the Montana Department of Commerce were all in support of the proposals, while the Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife, and Parks and the Montana State Historic Preservation office are not opposed.

A copy of the proposal was forwarded to the following Federally-recognized Tribes, but no response was received which is presumed to indicate a lack of an opinion: the Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation, the Crow Creek Sioux Tribe, the Crow Tribe of Montana, the Fort Belknap Indian Community, the Lower Brule Sioux Tribe, the Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation, the Rosebud Sioux Tribe, the Santee Sioux Nation, the Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Indian Reservation, the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, and the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation.

Comments Received by the Montana Geographic Names Advisor
Montana Geographic Names Advisor Recommendation - Support (Friday, March 19, 2010)
Domestic Names Committee Decision Date - Tuesday, April 13, 2010
Domestic Names Committee Discussion - A motion was made and seconded to approve this change.

Vote: 14 in favor
0 against
0 abstentions

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