GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION

Drought Severity Index for 2000-2011 from MODIS MSDI

Data Provider Montana Climate Office
Date 01/01/2000 - 12/31/2011
Content Type Downloadable Data
MSDI Framework Climate
Abstract This raster dataset shows yearly and mean MODIS Drought Severity Index with a grid cell resolution of 1000-meters (1-kilometer) for the years 2000-2011. The DSI ranges theoretically from unlimited negative values to unlimited positive values for respective dry to wet climate deviations from prevailing conditions. The remotely-sensed DSI uses operational global land products derived from NASA satellite observations, namely the MODIS terrestrial evapotranspiration (ET) and vegetation greenness products. ET is a metric of ecosystem functional status and is directly related to the water, carbon and energy cycles of the land surface. The ratio of ET to potential ET (PET) is commonly used as an indicator of terrestrial water availability and associated wetness or drought. Satellite vegetation greenness indices (VIs), especially the Normalized Difference VI (NDVI), can potentially link climate changes (e.g. increasing frequency and severity of drought) and vegetation responses with land-atmosphere water, carbon and energy fluxes, and associated climate feedbacks (Atkinson et al., 2011). The DSI incorporates NDVI and the ratio of ET to PET into a single index. This is an experimental product in development. Detailed information on the DSI can be found in Mu et al.(2013) available at http://ntsg.umt.edu/project/dsi.
Purpose As part of the MODIS global terrestrial evapotranspiration project, the goal of the Drought Severity Index (DSI) is to use satellite remote sensing data to monitor and detect drought on Earth's land surface. The DSI enhances near-real-time drought monitoring capabilities that can assist decision makers in regional drought assessment and mitigation efforts, but without many of the constraints of more traditional drought monitoring methods.
Supplemental Information Processed from NetCDF raster file source using Python 2.7 code maintained by the Montana Climate Office.
The Montana Climate Office (MCO) provides this product/service for informational purposes only. The MCO did not produce it for, nor is it suitable for legal, engineering, or surveying purposes. Consumers of this information should review or consult the primary data and information sources to ascertain the viability of the information for their purposes. The MCO provides these data in good faith but does not represent or warrant its accuracy, adequacy, or completeness. In no event shall the MCO be liable for any incorrect results or analysis; any direct, indirect, special, or consequential damages to any party; or any lost profits arising out of or in connection with the use or the inability to use the data or the services provided. The MCO makes these data and services available as a convenience to the public, and for no other purpose. The MCO reserves the right to change or revise published data and/or services at any time.
Data Access ftp://mco.cfc.umt.edu/dsi/Readme.html
Distributor Michael D. Sweet Research and Information Systems Specialist Montana Climate Office
32 Campus Drive
Missoula, Montana 59812-0576
Telephone: 406.243.5265
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Email: michael.sweet@umontana.edu
Distribution liability The Montana Climate Office (MCO) provides this product/service for informational purposes only. The MCO did not produce it for, nor is it suitable for legal, engineering, or surveying purposes. Consumers of this information should review or consult the primary data and information sources to ascertain the viability of the information for their purposes. The MCO provides these data in good faith but does not represent or warrant its accuracy, adequacy, or completeness. In no event shall the MCO be liable for any incorrect results or analysis; any direct, indirect, special, or consequential damages to any party; or any lost profits arising out of or in connection with the use or the inability to use the data or the services provided. The MCO makes these data and services available as a convenience to the public, and for no other purpose. The MCO reserves the right to change or revise published data and/or services at any time.
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Metadata date 02/25/2015